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17:30 - 19:30 18 March 2014
GLAD Lecture 2014 - Joan Martinez-Alier on 'Mining Conflicts in Latin America
Lecture Theatre 103 |
UCL – Institute of the Americas
51 Gordon Square | London | WC1H 0PQ | United Kingdom
Ticketing: Pre-booking essential
Joan Martinez-Alier, is Emeritus Professor of Economics and Economic History at the Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona, Spain.
The extraction of materials in South America in the last 40 years has increased fourfold, similar to the growth of material exports. The terms of trade continue to be structurally unfavourable (one ton of exports is much cheaper than a ton of imports), despite a slight improvement in the early 2000s. This unfavourable trade relation, together with indebtedness and devaluations, continues to put pressure on increasing material extraction and exports.
This presentation will look at 62 contemporary mining conflicts in Peru and Chile divided almost equally between both countries. The presence and frequency of key descriptors is analysed, thus identifying patterns and emerging trends. The conflicts in the two countries have interesting similarities and differences in terms of the role plaid by indigeneity, the way in which mining companies and governments take action and the repertoires of resistance – e.g. marches, local referenda, violence, or mediation by state authorities.
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